When a blood sample is taken and submitted to a laboratory for analysis, it must be properly identified and accompanied by proper documentation. This documentation will generally include some sort of requisition form specifying what kinds of processing are necessary. Although this form will sometimes be supplied by a doctor or a nurse, it may be necessary for you, as the phlebotomist, to fill out the form and supply the information. Here are some of the types of information that must be placed on a requisition form:
Patient’s full name – It is crucial that the patient be properly identified on the forms accompanying the blood samples. Failure to properly identify the patient can lead to loss of the samples or, worse, to misdiagnosis of the patient, an error that is potentially fatal.
Patient’s ID number – In most cases, the patient will have some sort of ID number supplied within the medical system. This may be the ID that they were assigned when checking into the hospital or when arriving at the clinic.
Patient’s date of birth and sex – These may be necessary for proper processing of the sample but, at the very least, they serve as an additional form of identification.
Requesting physician’s name – This is the name of the physician who requested the blood sample. It is necessary for proper routing of the test results and for determining if the blood work has been properly authorized.
Initials of phlebotomist – This identifies you as the phlebotomist in case problems arise with the sample or if further work is needed. Requested tests – This specifies which tests are to be performed on the sample. This is of crucial importance. The laboratory must know which of the many available blood tests are to be applied to the samples.